Variety of technical oils in the oil industry Product of paramount importance to ensure reliable operation of various equipment. According to the purpose the basic technical oils are divided into lubricating oils and coolants. For lubricating oils include species such as: turbine oil for lubrication of bearings and turbine of a high degree of purification, oil for slideways having high viscosity; marine oils forming the emulsion is not washed with water, oil deep compression degree of purification, oil for aircraft engines and cars, and others. Where the application of technical oils impractical, used grease, which are semi-solid product dispersing additive in a liquid lubricant. The use of grease lubrication can deliver to places where there are difficulties in the use of liquid oils in view of a number of reasons, such as the inability to provide a sealed cavity, the difficulty in replenishing grease, etc. Coolant and refrigeration oils combine the properties of the coolant and lubrication, allowing both to ensure efficient heat transfer and surface protection against damage, corrosion, external factors or from wear due to friction. Since each species has its own technical oils special properties, there needs to be carefully selected (often in the laboratory) formulations of production.
The classic version of the receipt of a turbine oil, oil for slideways and refrigeration oil for a long been considered a way of obtaining them by the distillation of oil residues. These specifications are known as residual oil lubricants. The main drawbacks of this method are well known – it is the dependence of properties of oil from oil grade (From its initial properties), the need for deep cleansing oil, a large variation of parameters, etc. Another option of obtaining technical oils based on the alkylation of aromatic hydrocarbons or olefin polymerization (Ethylene, propylene). These oils are called synthetic. At the moment, a very high percentage of oils, which meet high standards, is the leading oil companies such as BP, for this technology. The recipe, developed by BP technologists can, for example, to obtain dispersion parameters of BP Oil in no more than a few percent, which is totally inaccessible to the result of mineral oils.